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A swale is a shallow, vegetated depression or ditch designed to manage and control the flow of water across landscapes. Swales are typically constructed on contour, meaning they follow the natural slope of the land, and are used to capture, slow down, and infiltrate rainwater, thereby reducing erosion, flooding, and runoff. Swales are commonly used in permaculture and sustainable land management practices to enhance water retention, improve soil moisture, and support plant growth. By directing water along the contour of the land, swales help to recharge groundwater, replenish aquifers, and create microclimates that support diverse ecosystems. Swales can be vegetated with a variety of plants, including grasses, shrubs, and trees, which further stabilize the soil, filter pollutants, and provide habitat for wildlife. Overall, swales are a valuable tool for managing water resources, mitigating the effects of climate change, and promoting ecological resilience in landscapes.