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Composting is the process of decomposing organic materials, such as food scraps, yard waste, and plant debris, into nutrient-rich humus. This natural process is facilitated by microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, and worms, breaking down organic matter into a dark, crumbly substance known as compost. Composting can be done in various ways, including traditional backyard compost bins, worm bins (vermicomposting), or larger-scale composting facilities. It is an eco-friendly solution for managing organic waste, diverting it from landfills and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Compost can be used as a soil amendment to improve soil structure, fertility, and moisture retention, promoting healthy plant growth and reducing the need for chemical fertilizers.